JOURNAL OF ASTHMA
2016 Dec;53(10):1076-84. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2016.1165696. Epub 2016 May 11.
Peláez S, Bacon SL, Lacoste G, Lavoie KL
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
Adherence to daily asthma controller medication has been shown to be the most effective component of asthma self-management; however, patient’s adherence to asthma medication remains poor. This study aimed to understand how patients’ long-term asthma controller medication adherence may be improved and facilitated by comparing key asthma stakeholders’ perspectives.
Six focus group interviews including 38 asthma stakeholders (n = 13 patients, n = 13 pulmonologist physicians, and n = 12 allied healthcare professionals) were conducted. Interviews were qualitatively analysed.
Although similar themes were brought up across different asthma stakeholders, the way in which they were framed differed across stakeholders. The most salient discussion revolved around the content and the moment in which asthma education should be approached to facilitate patients’ adherence to asthma medication.
Asthma medication adherence is a complex process and successful interventions aimed at its improvement would benefit from: (a) making an effort to understand patients’ experiences and negotiate the treatment regimen, rather than imposing recommendations; (b) considering treatment as a shared responsibility involving the patient, the healthcare professional(s), and the patients’ social networks; and, (c) taking into account different stakeholders’ concerns, needs, perspectives, and knowledge.